The long exposure is a useful technique for night photography. A long exposure can produce stunning effects and an almost ethereal look. A tripod is the most important tool you’ll need, as well as a DSLR camera capable of long exposures.
1. Photographing the Ferris Wheel
Photographing a Ferris wheel at night requires that you move closer and use a wide-angle lens. Frame the image by placing your camera on a tripod. We want all elements to be sharp so we choose a small aperture, ranging from f/11 to f/32. You can set your camera to Manual or TV (Shutter Priority), and choose a shutter speed that corresponds to the speed of the Ferris wheel. To avoid touching or jiggling your camera, you should use the self-timer on the camera or a cable release. The result will have a lot of light trails against the black sky but the center beams that hold it will be sharp.
2. Making Star Trails
Long exposures on starry nights can create beautiful light trails thanks to the earth’s rotation and the stars. A focal point of interest, such as an old tree, is the best way to frame your image. Set your camera on a tripod, and aim the lens at infinity. To eliminate camera shake, you will need a cable release. This will make your photo look better. For best results, set the camera to B Bulb shooting mode and your aperture between f/2.8 and f/4. To open the shutter, press the remote. To keep digital noise to a minimum, you should set your ISO to 100. After the desired exposure time has passed, release the shutter and depress the remote once more. These exposures may last from 15 minutes to several hours.
3. Stunning Light Trails
The stunning effects of traffic headlight and taillight trails are amazing and a great way for people to learn about long exposure times. Choose a busy street with lots of traffic at night. Place the tripod on the ground and ensure that the camera has a clear view of the area. For a deeper field and a more focused image, use a smaller aperture (f/16) to get a better depth of field. The more exposure you have, the more lines you will see and the longer they will look.
4. Blurry Seawaters
The golden hour, the hour just before the sun sets, is the best time to capture the dramatic view of the sky and ocean. The basics of night photography are to use a tripod and a wide-angle lens that has the smallest aperture. Focus on infinity. For a longer exposure, turn the mode dial to Bulb or Manual shooting mode. Use a slow shutter speed (between 5 and 30 seconds) The water will appear more misty the longer you expose it. To avoid blurring, use the cable release or self-timer on your camera to capture the shot. Flash can ruin the image’s effect so don’t use it.
5. Determining Exposure
Depending on the factors, the exposure time of your nighttime image will vary. The shutter speed will be slower if there is lots of ambient light. The shutter speed should be slower if you’re shooting in very dark areas. A tripod is required to capture light trails. The shutter speed must be at least 1/15thof a second. For the image of Houses of Parliament, a shutter speed of 6 seconds was required. This is enough time to capture traffic trails. The building was sharpened by the f/8 aperture.